Antiviral Activity Of Medicinal Plants Pdf

The plant is native to southern and eastern Africa along the upper Nile in the Sudan, and it was subse- quently introduced into northern Africa and naturalized in the Mediterranean region and other countries across the globe. Sanchez Palomino2 and L. Conference Series proudly invites all the participants across the globe to attend the 5th World Congress on Medicinal Plants and Natural Products Research slated on July 15-16, 2019 at Hong Kong. Indigo naturalis (Qingdai) is made from its leaves and stems, which is known as “Jian Qingdai” and is a famous regional drug in Fujian Province. The frequent emergence of drug resistant influenza viral strains emphasizes the urgent and continual need to develop new antiviral drugs. Background: Indigo alkaloids, such as indigo, indirubin and its derivatives, have been identified as effective antiviral compounds in Baphicacanthus cusia. antiviral activity was done using MTT assay for measles for mumps virus. The post-inoculative treatment of Hep-2 cells with plant extracts showed that at 5, 10 and 15 mg/ml concentrations, H. This figure represents roughly 10% of all vascular plant species in North America, and there is evidence that the choice of medicinal plants was non-random [] and closely linked to phylogenetic relationships []. The assay was carried out in triplicate. In this study, we evaluated Indonesian medicinal plants for their anti-HCV activities. anticancer, antiviral, antidiabetic, antifungal and its phytochemical that are composed by the medicinal plants were reviewed and documented in this article for the easier searching purpose by the researchers and also by the readers who are interested on medicinal plants. In this work, we have used a range of bioassays to screen fifty medicinal plant extracts for antiviral activity against influenza Type A viruses. Moringa peregrina belongs to a flowering plant. Whole plant parts of four medicinal plants belonging to family Malvaceae used in the traditional system of medicine collected from south India were tested for their antiviral activity. Deniz Iklim Viol,Lameck Shoriwa Chagonda,Sylvester Rodgers Moyo,Ali Hikmet Mericli, (2016) Toxicity and Antiviral Activities of Some Medicinal Plants Used by Traditional Medical Practitioners in Zimbabwe. Research on the antiviral potential of naturally derived extracts is facilitated through the use of appropriate animal and liver cell culture models for these hepatotrophic pathogens. , 1998; Barbour et al. The most active extract was the obtained extract from C. The strongest antibacterial activity (MIC = 49 μg/mL) was observed for the extracts from Curculigo orchioides and Cinnamomum camphora against S. Chilean flora is a potential source of bioactive compounds, including some with antiviral activity. The antiviral activity of plant extracts against BVDV, HSV-1, PV-2 and VSV was assessed in vitro by the viral. In this study, the hydroalchoholic. multiflora was highly active with EC 50 of 132. Antiviral activity of South Brazilian medicinal plant extracts Author links open overlay panel C. Materials and Methods: Nine synthetic-derived essential oil compounds were evaluated. cies are good candidates for further activity-monitored fractionation to identify active principles. Antibacterial, Antifungal, and Antiviral Activities of African Medicinal Plants. Even you can use the pulp left after extracting the juice from papaya as poultice on the wounds. Keywords: Plant families, Essential oils, Antifungal activity. Antiviral activity of herbal medicine against selected viruses, 413 4. In traditional Indian medicine or Ayurveda, Zingiber officinale and many other herbs have been used as medicine. Download PDF Read more. Lichens are known for their medicinal abilities. There is increasing interest about the indigenous medicinal plants for correct identification, taxonomy and medicinal properties. The present review examines the antimicrobial and antiviral activity of HTs, the mechanism(s) of action, and some structure-activity relationships. Post-adsorption antiviral activity. Falkenberg 1 L. In this study, we evaluated Indonesian medicinal plants for their anti-HCV activities. IN-VITRO ANTIVIRAL ACTIVITY OF INDIAN MEDICINAL PLANTS TO ASIAN AND EAST CENTRAL SOUTH AFRICAN LINEAGE OF CHIKUNGUNYA VIRUS K. There is an increasing need for substances with antiviral activity since the treatment. Lichens are known for their medicinal abilities. Amoros 3 L. Post-adsorption antiviral activity. Antiviral Activity of Traditional Medicinal Plants against Human Influenza Viruses: Potent Anti-Influenza Activity of Aspalathus linearis. Published data on traditionally used medicinal plants for bronchitis and their antiviral activity were collected from the online bibliographical databases: PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, Web of Science and floras of the Himalayan countries. The extract showed the activity against Herpes simplex-1, measels, polio virus-1 and Hepatitis virus in in vitro studies20, 21. niger Sunita Bansod and Mahendra Rai Department of Biotechnology, Amravati University, Amravati-444107 India Abstract: Oils extracted from fifteen medicinal plants were screened for their activity against A. SIT NAM WENG from the Department of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Science. Influenza represents a serious public health concern. In this study, hot water (HW) extract of five Taiwanese traditionally used medicinal plants was evaluated for their in vitro anti-leukemic (including anti-K562, L1210, P3HR1, Raji and U937 leukemia cells) and antiviral (including HSV-1 and HSV-2) activities. Partially purified methanolic extract of Cissus quadrangularis (belonging to Vitaceae member, South Indian medicinal plant) have been explored for antiviral activity and their phytochemical characterisation. Seven alkaloids have been isolated from the root and stem bark. 4 HIV-1 Reverse transcriptase (RT) assay The effect of plant extracts on RT activity in vitro was evaluated with a non-radioactive HIV-RT colorimetric ELISA kit (Roche, Germany). The antiviral activity of essential oils extracted from medicinal plants has been summarized in Table 1. The great mystery and beauty of spices is their use, blending and ability to. the plant material has been a favorite and major ingredient discovered by people across the world to cure diseases. PHYTOTHERAPY RESEARCH, VOL. It is widely known across the Indian Subcontinent as a medicinal plant and an herbal tea and has an important role within the Vaishnavite tradition of Hinduism, in which devotees perform worship involving holy basil plants or leaves. ABSTRACT Ethanolic extracts of 61 medicinal plants used in Malaysia were screened for antiviral and cytotoxic activities. Partially purified methanolic extract of Cissus quadrangularis (belonging to Vitaceae member, South Indian medicinal plant) have been explored for antiviral activity and their phytochemical characterisation. This plant grows in Qeshm mangrove forests of. Key words: Adansonia digitata, Baobab, antiviral. Turner-Lloveras 4 an elevation above 13000 feet. G and Research Department of Botany and Microbiology, A. People have been using plants as a traditional medicine for thousand years ago. Their structures were established by detailed spectroscopic analysis. Antiviral activity particularly in inhibiting Ranikhet disease virus, the alcoholic extract of the plant was proved to be very effective. Interpretation & conclusion: Some of the medicinal plants have shown antiviral activity. Methodology. Lucknow, International Book 600 pp. The results demonstrate the anti-influenza potential of some extracts which act via a unique mode of action when compared to the currently available antiviral drugs. Marstonc, K. Medicinal plants: Future source of new drugs Arvind Kumar Shakya Abstract India has a long history and strong base for Ayurveda, which is the traditional herbal medical system. Methods Ethanol extracts of 21 samples derived from 17 species of medicinal plants explored in the East Java region were tested. 4 HIV-1 Reverse transcriptase (RT) assay The effect of plant extracts on RT activity in vitro was evaluated with a non-radioactive HIV-RT colorimetric ELISA kit (Roche, Germany). ANTIVIRAL, ANTIFUNGAL AND ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITIES OF THE CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS, HOUTTUYNIA CORDATA, LOBELIA CHINENSIS AND SELAGINELLA UNCINATA Nam Weng Sit1*, Yik Sin Chan1, Bee Ling Chuah1, Ri Jin Cheng1, Wei Min Leong1 and Kong Soo Khoo2 1Department of Biomedical Science, 2Department of Chemical Science, Faculty of. Different parts of 17 medicinal plants belonging to 11 different families were tested for their antiviral activity. Uses of Tulasi : • Tulasi is cultivated for religious and medicinal purposes, and for its essential oil. In this study, we evaluated Indonesian medicinal plants for their anti-HCV activities. cording to World Health Organisation, medicinal plants would be the best source for obtaining a variety of drugs [5]. , 1998; Barbour et al. Antibacterial activity of some Indian medicinal plants Antibacterial activity of some Indian medicinal plants. RESULTS: The results revealed that both water and ethanol extracts of all the five studied plants showed significant antiviral activity against H5N1 virus. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 14. Chemical, ethnopharmacological data and previously reported antiviral studies are shown in Table 1. Tannins found in mint plant extracts and as secondary metabolites in food, including tea have been shown to have moderate anti-HIV activity. To date, 31 different species have been found to have the potential to treat dengue; some of these have not yet been investigated scientifically (as indicated in Table 1). Veneta Kapchina-toteva. Key Words: HIV-1, influenza virus, HBV/HCV, HSV-1, HSV-2, antiviral, natural product, herbs, medicinal plant Introduction Viral diseases, caused by pathogenic virus infections which have high morbidity and mortality rates, are still the leading cause of death in humans worldwide. "Hepatitis C Virus Infection Promotes Hepatic Gluconeogenesis through an NS5A-Mediated, FoxO1-Dependent Pathway", Journal of Virology, 09/01/2011 Publication jvi. marina also known as white or grey mangrove is a species of mangrovetree classified in the plant family of Avicenniaceae plant family (19). The antiviral activity of plant extracts against BVDV, HSV-1, PV-2 and VSV was assessed in vitro by the viral. The extract of the Terminalia chebula and Semicarpus anacardium showed potent antioxidant activity when compared with known synthetic standard of Butylated Hydroxy Tolune (BHT). Infusions of all studied plants have shown antioxidant activity, though there was a large diversity between the results. Six Argentinean Asteraceaes were selected for this study. Conference Series proudly invites all the participants across the globe to attend the 5th World Congress on Medicinal Plants and Natural Products Research slated on July 15-16, 2019 at Hong Kong. Simões 1 a M. Yet the medicinal bioactivities of this plant are poorly studied. Methanolic extracts of 41 plant species belonging to 27 families used in the traditional medicine in Nepal have been investigated for in vitro antiviral activity against Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and influenza virus A by dye uptake assay in the systems HSV-1/Vero cells and influenza virus A/MDCK cells. Endophytes are important source of bioactive metabolites having antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral activities. Its major constituents are alkaloids. The objective of this study was to carry out in vitro toxicity tests of plant extracts from both species and analyze potential antiviral activity against Human. Veneta Kapchina-toteva. VANCOUVER Bayati Zadeh, J. Medicinal herbs of Latin America D. Antibacterial and antifungal activities of plant part extracts against four pathogenic bacteria (two Gram-positive and negative) and three pathogenic fungi were investigated by the agar disk diffusion method. Junxian Wang, Yan Shi, Shisong Jing, Haisi Dong, Dacheng Wang, Tiedong Wang,. In this study, we evaluate the antiviral activity of Doratoxylum apetalum, an indigenous medicinal plant from the Mascarene Islands, against ZIKV and DENV infection. medicinal plants to test their antiviral activity against NDV. This study aimed to explore the antioxidant potential and antiviral activity of endophytic fungi which were isolated from healthy living tissues of medicinal plants. They possess different activities like antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory and anti tumor etc depending on the sub-. These results corroborate that medicinal plants from Tunisia can be a rich source of potential antiviral compounds. ABSTRACT Ethanolic extracts of 61 medicinal plants used in Malaysia were screened for antiviral and cytotoxic activities. I hereby give permission to the University to upload the softcopy of my final year project in pdf format into the UTAR Institutional Repository, which may. This plant grows in Qeshm mangrove forests of. The medicinal plant Cardiospermum halicacabum, having known anticancer and immunostimulatory activity was explored for their control in this study. In vitro antiviral activity of plant extracts from Asteraceae medicinal plants María F Visintini Jaime1, Flavia Redko2, Liliana V Muschietti2, Rodolfo H Campos1,Virginia S Martino2 and Lucia V Cavallaro1*. Seven of the tested extracts, showed virucidal activity of NDV while eight plant extracts exhibited high activity against replication of PV. This study was carried out to investigate the antiviral activities of 27 medicinal plant extracts, belonging to 26. Each purified extracts were dissolved in dimethyl. It is possible that the antiviral activity tion of HSV-1 replication with 50 % cytotoxic activity detected for the CH extract was due to a synergistic ac- Antiviral activity of South Brazilian medicinal plant extracts 213 tion of more and/or other compounds presented in this tafson, K. Deniz Iklim Viol,Lameck Shoriwa Chagonda,Sylvester Rodgers Moyo,Ali Hikmet Mericli, (2016) Toxicity and Antiviral Activities of Some Medicinal Plants Used by Traditional Medical Practitioners in Zimbabwe. Its major constituents are alkaloids. In many parts of the world, medicinal plants have been used for its antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral activities for hundreds of years (Ali et al. Methods Twelve phenanthrenes were isolated and identified from B. aphrodisiac, lipolytic, antiviral, anticancer and hepatoprotective activities [17]. Essentially, medicinal plant-based new antiviral agents that are effective against HSV-1 infections are urgently required. Sangeetha and S. As a consequence, the discovery of new antiviral agents from plants has assumed more urgency than in the past. The highlights of the active constituents isolated are described and, based on analysis of screening data, some correlation has been derived on the presence of anticancer and antiviral activities in the. Partially purified methanolic extract of Cissus quadrangularis (belonging to Vitaceae member, South Indian medicinal plant) have been explored for antiviral activity and their phytochemical characterisation. Results: All extracts displayed antibacterial activity in the disc diffusion assay. Six Argentinean Asteraceaes were selected for this study. be detectable in at least two subsequent dilutions Sofowora, E. Read "Anti-herpetic and anti-dengue activity of abietane ferruginol analogues synthesized from (+)-dehydroabietylamine, European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips. Cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) belongs to family Lauraceae. Junxian Wang, Yan Shi, Shisong Jing, Haisi Dong, Dacheng Wang, Tiedong Wang,. Nineteen experts from around the world provide vital information on natural products and herbal medicines—from their earliest relevance in various cultures to today’s cutting-edge biotechnologies. This plant grows in Qeshm mangrove forests of. To date, 31 different species have been found to have the potential to treat dengue; some of these have not yet been investigated scientifically (as indicated in Table 1). 5 μg/ml, respectively. Viral replication may be assayed by detection of viral products such as DNA, RNA, or polypeptides (127, 171). Adansonia digitata (Baobab) is a traditional African medicinal plant with numerous applications, including treatment of symptoms of infectious diseases. As you know, in our days the major problem that the international government of health have to face. The edible portions of this biennial herbaceous plant are the hypocotyls found beneath the earth. The following paper encompasses the studies related to plants having in vitro antiviral activity against ND such as Momordica balamina, Adansonia digitata, Artemisia annua, Azadirachta indica, Psidium guajava, Moringa oleifera and plants having good in vivo antiviral activity such as Aloe secundiflora, Cucumis metuliferus and Anthocleista. Assessment of Drug Activity: To determine if each compound has sufficient antiviral activity that exceeds its level of toxicity, a selectivity index (SI) was calculated according to CC 50 /EC 50. Introduction Bhui amla is an annual herb mainly growing in rainy season. In vitro antiviral activity against HSV type1 and 2, and Vero cells at non-cytotoxic concentration were determined. Taylor et aL /Journal of Ethnopharmacology 52 (1996) 157-163 Table I List of plants, their common names and medicinal use(s) 159 Family and species Voucher Vernacular name(s) Treatment number Asteraceae Centipeda minima (L. Methods: Ethanol extracts of 21 samples derived from 17 species of medicinal plants explored in the East Java. Sanchez Palomino2 and L. In this study, we evaluated Indonesian medicinal plants for their anti-HCV activities. Bodineta, D. Licorice (Glycyrrhiza Glabra Linn) as a Valuable Medicinal Plant. useful in healing various diseases and the advantage of these medicinal plants are natural (Kalemba and Kunicka, 2003). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, p. excelsa showed significant antiviral activity with 50% effective concentrations (EC50) of 29. Phd Thesis On Antidiabetic Activity Of Medicinal Plants. Lee HB, Lee HK, Ahn YJ (2003) Antibacterial activity of oriental medicinal plant extracts toward Helicobacter pylori. is a valuable medicinal plant well-known for its various therapeutic properties. Toxicity and Antiviral Activities of Some Medicinal Plants Used by Traditional Medical Practitioners in Zimbabwe This work and the related PDF file are licensed. 1 (2017): 626-634. of natural products with biological activity have 1995). Panda 1,2 * , Laxmipriya Padhi 1 , Pieter Leyssen 3 , Maoxuan Liu 2 , Johan Neyts 3 and Walter Luyten 2. Medicinal plants may be a source of natural antiviral drugs which mostly target viral entry. Screening large numbers of medicinal plants for anti-dengue activities is an alternative strategy in order to find the potent therapeutic compounds. The extracts of medicinal plants A. used in human. VANCOUVER Bayati Zadeh, J. This index, also referred to as a therapeutic index, was used to determine if a compound warrants further study. Antibacterial, Antifungal, and Antiviral Activities of African Medicinal Plants. medicinal properties, due to the potential pharmacological activity of these species, including antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal and anti-trypanosomal activities. Antiviral activity against BVDV, HSV-1, PV-2 and VSV. Keywords: Hydrolysable tannins, ellagitannins, gallotannins, tannic acid, antiviral activity, antibacterial activity, antimycotic activity. These include, bioflavonoids, which are polyphenolic plant derivatives with many patented biological benefits including as antivirals [ 11 - 13 ]. Girre 3 Show more. ) against dengue virus 2. Methods: Ethanol extracts of 21 samples derived from 17 species of medicinal plants explored in the East Java. Ocimum shows strong antibacterial activity against Klebisella (causes. In one trial of 100 medicinal plants from British Columbia, researchers identified twelve plants with antiviral properties at doses that were not toxic to the cells in the lab dish. Phytochemical tests; Compounds found/indicated at the 65 University of Istanbul, Faculty of Pharmacy 9. The results demonstrate the anti-influenza potential of some extracts which act via a unique mode of action when compared to the currently available antiviral drugs. Isolation and characterization of pharma-cologically active compounds from medicinal plants continue today. Post-adsorption antiviral activity. 1% was used as a negative control. The assay was carried out in triplicate. Medicinal plants are reported to possess antiviral activity, but finding the substances that are responsible for antiviral activity in the complex mixture of the plant extract is an extremely difficult task. The aim of this work was to investigate 26 plants belonging to 17 families collected from a unique place in Yemen (Soqotra Island) for their in vitro anticancer, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities. Stoyan Shishkov. Different parts of 17 medicinal plants belonging to 11 different families were tested for their antiviral activity. International conference on Saponins in food, feed stuffs and medicinal plants A report. The frequent emergence of drug resistant influenza viral strains emphasizes the urgent and continual need to develop new antiviral drugs. The plant contains anemonin and protoanemonin - both have marginal antitumor activity. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine. *Some of the best antiviral herbs include garlic, oregano, astragalus, echinacea, schizandra, mullein, elderberry, green tea, and licorice. Most are tropical shrubs, herbs and twining vines while some are epiphytes. 4: The hydrogen peroxide antioxidant activity of the methanol extract of Borassus aethiopum fruit was found to be dose-dependent. Partially purified methanolic extract of Cissus quadrangularis (belonging to Vitaceae member, South Indian medicinal plant) have been explored for antiviral activity and their phytochemical characterisation. spinescens solvent extracts were tested for antimicrobial activity, antiviral activity and toxicity in vitro. Key words: ethnobotany - medicinal plants - antiviral - herpes simplex virus - citotoxicity - colorimetric assay Scientific strategies for the in vitro evaluation of natural products with biological activity have changed in the past few years. Assessment of Drug Activity: To determine if each compound has sufficient antiviral activity that exceeds its level of toxicity, a selectivity index (SI) was calculated according to CC 50 /EC 50. ANTIVIRAL, ANTIFUNGAL AND ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITIES OF THE CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS, HOUTTUYNIA CORDATA, LOBELIA CHINENSIS AND SELAGINELLA UNCINATA Nam Weng Sit1*, Yik Sin Chan1, Bee Ling Chuah1, Ri Jin Cheng1, Wei Min Leong1 and Kong Soo Khoo2 1Department of Biomedical Science, 2Department of Chemical Science, Faculty of. 200502848 2. The extracts were stored at +4 °C until analyzed. Deniz Iklim Viol,Lameck Shoriwa Chagonda,Sylvester Rodgers Moyo,Ali Hikmet Mericli, (2016) Toxicity and Antiviral Activities of Some Medicinal Plants Used by Traditional Medical Practitioners in Zimbabwe. Chilean flora is a potential source of bioactive compounds, including some with antiviral activity. In this study, we evaluated Indonesian medicinal plants for their anti-HCV activities. Yet the medicinal bioactivities of this plant are poorly studied. Int J Food Sci Nutr 2005;56:287-91. Antiviral activity of South Brazilian medicinal plant extracts Author links open overlay panel C. Ocimum shows strong antibacterial activity against Klebisella (causes. To summarize our findings, we have reported the antiviral activity of 26 medicinal plants selected from Nigerian flora against three serotypes of enteroviruses (E7, E13 and E19). triflorum, P. Details of the study described below. The medicinal plants are considered as one of the major reservoirs of endophytic bioactive metabolites for the use in the medicinal applications [2,3,4,6]. Results demonstrated that all extracts exhibited antiviral activity with different degrees of potency. Materials and Methods: S. The extracts were evaluated for safety and antiviral activity in Huh7it-1 cell lines, using a single dose of 20 µg/mL and dose-dependent (5, 10, 20, 40, 80 and 160 µg/mL) of plant extracts against dengue virus serotype 2 (DENV-2) NGC strain. The assay was carried out in triplicate. Among these plants, C. The antioxidant activity of the two medicinal plants was evaluated using DPPH assay. The effect of synergetic combination of medicinal plants. Antibacterial Activity of Important Medicinal Plants on Human Pathogenic Bacteria-a Comparative Analysis 12H. exhibited significant antiviral activity at a concentration non toxic to the cell line used. Schisandra lignans have demonstrated potent antiviral activity against Epstein-Barr virus, which is one of eight viruses of the herpes family. Bodineta, D. Boraginaceae is a plant family represented by about 2,000 species in the world [ 15 ]. The antiviral activity of plant extracts against BVDV, HSV-1, PV-2 and VSV was assessed in vitro by the viral. Antiviral Screening and Cytotoxicity results of 71 Zimbabwean Traditional Medicinal Plants 11. Results demonstrated that all extracts exhibited antiviral activity with different degrees of potency. Methanolic extracts of 41 plant species belonging to 27 families used in the traditional medicine in Nepal have been investigated for in vitro antiviral activity against Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and influenza virus A by dye uptake assay in the systems HSV-1/Vero cells and influenza virus A/MDCK cells. ISHS XXIX International Horticultural Congress on Horticulture: Sustaining Lives, Livelihoods and Landscapes (IHC2014): V World Congress on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants and International Symposium on Plants, as Factories of Natural Substances, Edible and Essential Oils An examination of the medicinal potential of Planchonella queenslandica: toxicity, antibacterial, and antiviral activities. Of the four extracts with significant antiviral activity, 29 two were prepared from Podocarpus henkelii. Antifungal Activity of Ginger Extract on Candida Albicans: An In-vitro Study ABSTRACT Plant derived products have been used for medicinal purposes for centuries. PDF | Nepeta nuda subsp. Drug discovery from medicinal plants led to the isolation of early drugs such as cocaine, codeine, digitoxin, and quinine, in addition to morphine, of which some are still in use (Newman et al. These plants were tested against seven different viruses, and most were active against one of the seven, but not the other six. Cytotoxic and Antiviral Activities of Colombian Medicinal Plant Extracts of the Euphorbia genus LA Betancur-Galvis/ +, GE Morales*, JE Forero, J Roldan** Grupo Inmunovirología-Biogénesis *Grupo GIEM **Departamento de Biología, Universidad de Antioquia, Apartado 1226, Medellín, Colombia. Read "Antiviral activity of medicinal plant extracts, Phytotherapy Research" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips. The journal is divided into 81 subject areas. A number of native Amazonian medicines of plant origin are known to have antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activity, although only a few have been studied for their antiviral properties and immunomodulating effects. The present review is an effort to compile information on some of the geographically diverse and important medicinal plants that possess anticancer activity. Infusions of all studied plants have shown antioxidant activity, though there was a large diversity between the results. Free fulltext PDF articles from hundreds of disciplines, all in one place In Vitro Anti-Cytomegalovirus Activity of Kampo (Japanese Herbal) Medicine (pdf) | Paperity. The antioxidant activity of the two medicinal plants was evaluated using DPPH assay. @inproceedings{Rahmasari2017AntiviralAO, title={Antiviral Activity of Traditional Medicinal Plants against Human Influenza Viruses: Potent Anti-Influenza Activity of Aspalathus linearis}, author={Ratika Rahmasari}, year={2017. Till date number of compounds with antiviral activity is scarce. Plants as a rich source of phytochemicals with different biological activities including antiviral activities are in interest of scientists [59, 60]. The enzymes papain and. The antiviral activity of essential oils extracted from medicinal plants has been summarized in Table 1. , 2001; Oussalah et al. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Antiviral activity of phenanthrenes from the medicinal plant Bletilla striata against influenza A virus Ya Shi1, Bing Zhang1, Yiyu Lu2, Chaodong Qian3, Yan Feng2, Liwei Fang4, Zhishan Ding1 and Dongqing Cheng1*. Essential oils have been shown to possess antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral insecticidal and antioxidant properties [ 2 , 3 ]. Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies Vol. Methanolic extracts of 41 plant species belonging to 27 families used in the traditional medicine in Nepal have been investigated for in vitro antiviral activity against Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and influenza virus A by dye uptake assay in the systems HSV-1/Vero cells and influenza virus A/MDCK cells. Abstract Full-Text HTML Download as PDF (2009) Antifungal activity of essential oil from some medicinal. Materials and Methods: S. Viral Diseases and Antiviral Activity of Some Medicinal Plants with Special Reference to Ajmer Rashmi Sharma* Department of Zoology, SPCGA, Maharshi Dayanand Saraswati University, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India INTRODUCTION A viral disease (infection) occurs when an organism's body is invaded by pathogenic viruses and infectious virus particles. 05) antioxidant power was observed at 100 mg/ml while the least antioxidant power was observed at the lowest concentration (20 mg/ml) of both the plant extract and ascorbic acid. The assay was carried out in triplicate. The antiviral activity of plant extracts against BVDV, HSV-1, PV-2 and VSV was assessed in vitro by the viral CPE reduction assay. However, the antibacterial activities of compounds belonging to the classes flavonoids and isoflavonoids are well known [31]. Christoph et al. , Sida retusa L. Post-adsorption antiviral activity. [6-7] Traditional plant extracts having anti-infective properties, have been screened for their antiviral activity. scavenging activity of plant extracts. The plant contains anemonin and protoanemonin - both have marginal antitumor activity. 429 anthelmintic, antitrypanosomal to antidepressant, antiviral and immunomodulatory activities8, 54. Kalariya and Sumitra Chandra, a few medicinal flora were-screened for potential antibacterial activity. Antiviral activity against BVDV, HSV-1, PV-2 and VSV. Methods: Ethanol extracts of 21 samples derived from 17 species of medicinal plants explored in the East Java. In vitro antiviral activity against HSV type1 and 2, and Vero cells at non-cytotoxic concentration were determined. is a valuable medicinal plant well-known for its various therapeutic properties. Other medicinal plant extracts of traditional Thai medicinal plants showed a pronounced antibacterial activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus [29]. spicata OE were active against PV-2 and VSV, the AE of both species and the AE of T. As a result so far about 52000 plant species are acclaimed to have medicinal properties [5], of these about 6500 are known to grow in India [6]. People have been using plants as a traditional medicine for thousand years ago. Ben Sassi , F. Medicinal plants exhibiting broad antiviral effects screening of 56 different Chinese medicinal herbs led to the iden- could be brought into the antiviral discovery programs for tification of two potentials anti-DHBV plant extracts, i. In this work, we have used a range of bioassays to screen fifty medicinal plant extracts for antiviral activity against influenza Type A viruses. Antiviral assay based on cytopathic effects (CPE) denoted by degree of inhibition upon treating DENV1-infected Vero E6 cells with MNTD of six medicinal plants showed that A. 11, 198–202 (1997) Antiviral Activity of Medicinal Plant Extracts M. This study aimed to explore the antioxidant potential and antiviral activity of endophytic fungi which were isolated from healthy living tissues of medicinal plants. Methanol extracts were prepared from 19 medicinal The investigation of traditionally-used plants as a plants of Togo and, by means of standard laboratory guide to biologically active extracts has been well tests, were analysed for antiviral and antibiotic activ-ities. So about 50 plants were collected, extracted with methanol and hot water and evaluated for their in vitro anticancer activity against three human cancer cell lines (A-427, 5637 and MCF-7) and for their antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria as well as multiresistant Staphylococcus strains. These studies confirm the wide use of the plant for antidysenteric, wound healing, lumbago and vulnerary purposes. Bodineta, D. Warning: All parts may irritate and blister skin or mucous membranes. Panda 1,2 * , Laxmipriya Padhi 1 , Pieter Leyssen 3 , Maoxuan Liu 2 , Johan Neyts 3 and Walter Luyten 2. The following paper encompasses the studies related to plants having in vitro antiviral activity against ND such as Momordica balamina, Adansonia digitata, Artemisia annua, Azadirachta indica, Psidium guajava, Moringa oleifera and plants having good in vivo antiviral activity such as Aloe secundiflora, Cucumis metuliferus and Anthocleista. used in human. Veneta Kapchina-toteva. : MEDICINAL POTENTIAL OF NYCTANTHES ARBORTRISTIS. Pankaj Oudhia's Research Report (2012 onwards). pyogenes, followed by Curcuma longa extract against E. RESULTS: The results revealed that both water and ethanol extracts of all the five studied plants showed significant antiviral activity against H5N1 virus. In this study, we evaluate the antiviral activity of Doratoxylum apetalum, an indigenous medicinal plant from the Mascarene Islands, against ZIKV and DENV infection. The extracts of Melia dubia, Cryptostegia grandiflora and essential oil of Rosmarinus officinalis showed partial activity at higher concentrations. The assay was carried out in triplicate. Suresh JSS College of Pharmacy, Ootacamund, Tamil Nadu, India Received August 29, 2003 Background & objectives: Medicinal plants have been traditionally used for different kinds of ailments including infectious diseases. The strongest antibacterial activity (MIC = 49 μg/mL) was observed for the extracts from Curculigo orchioides and Cinnamomum camphora against S. Burgers Medicinal Chemistry And Drug Discovery Kindle Ebook Aug 19, 2019 FREE READING By : Nora Roberts Library Burgers Medicinal Chemistry Drug Discovery And Development Provides A Comprehensive Source On Medicinal Chemistry And Drug. As with anything else, moderation is key. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, p. The highlights of the active constituents isolated are described and, based on analysis of screening data, some correlation has been derived on the presence of anticancer and antiviral activities in the. Introduction. Two new lignans, rhinacanthin E (1) and rhinacanthin F (2), were isolated from the aerial parts of the plant Rhinacanthus nasutus. The based on metabolic reduction of MTT to evaluate cells were then lysed with 125 µl of a 50% v/v the cytotoxic effect as well as the antiviral activity mixture of ethanol and 0. 50 of the plant extract and used for the antiviral assays. In this paper a methodology related to the determination of the antiviral properties of medicinal pla. IN-VITRO ANTIVIRAL ACTIVITY OF INDIAN MEDICINAL PLANTS TO ASIAN AND EAST CENTRAL SOUTH AFRICAN LINEAGE OF CHIKUNGUNYA VIRUS K. The common classes of antiviral compounds present in medicinal plants, 414 6. Given the encouraging findings of previous studies on antiviral compounds from plant sources, this study focused on medicinal plants from Borneo that were traditionally used to treat symptoms of influenza infection. Chemical, ethnopharmacological data and previously reported antiviral studies are shown in Table 1. There is increasing interest about the indigenous medicinal plants for correct identification, taxonomy and medicinal properties. Antibacterial Activity of Important Medicinal Plants on Human Pathogenic Bacteria-a Comparative Analysis 12H. This study was carried out to investigate the antiviral activities of 27 medicinal plant extracts, belonging to 26. The book carefully explains fundamental principles, assuming little in the way of prior knowledge. Medicinal plants can be used to overcome this problem. American Journal of Plant Sciences,07,1538-1544. Flavonoids have been shown to have a wide range of biological and pharmacological activities in in vitro studies. The structures were proposed on basis of 1D- and 2D-NMR, mass spectra analysis and comparison with literature data. This chapter focuses on reviewing publications on medicinal plants used in the treatment of common diseases such as malaria, cholera, pneumonia, tuberculosis and asthma. These include, bioflavonoids, which are polyphenolic plant derivatives with many patented biological benefits including as antivirals [ 11 - 13 ]. Nigella sativa is a herbaceous plant found in the Middle East, Europe and Western and Middle Asia. 1% was used as a negative control. Introduction. The effect of synergetic combination of medicinal plants. semipervirens. According to my knowledge, this is the first report of investigating the antiviral activity of NDV using plant materials of Moringa peregrina, Pistacia atlantica, Eucalyptus camaldulensis, Acacia cyanophylla and Ceratonia siliqua. be detectable in at least two subsequent dilutions Sofowora, E. The extract of the Terminalia chebula and Semicarpus anacardium showed potent antioxidant activity when compared with known synthetic standard of Butylated Hydroxy Tolune (BHT). [29-31] Antimicrobial activity testing was carried out by using agar cup method. Most are tropical shrubs, herbs and twining vines while some are epiphytes. Medicinal Chemistry, Second Edition provides a comprehensive, balanced introduction to this evolving, multi-disciplinary subject. , Sida actua Burm. The low temperatures and strong winds that exist in this area make survival impossible for most plant life. Read "Antiviral activity of medicinal plant extracts, Phytotherapy Research" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips. UV and Confirmatory Tests' results of selected plants 8. Antiviral activity was tested against the herpes simplex type-1 (HSV-1) and vesicular stomatitis (VSV) viruses, and cytotoxicity was assayed using the HeLa cell line. Phytochemical tests; Compounds found/indicated at the 65 University of Istanbul, Faculty of Pharmacy 9. As part of our screening of antiviral agents from medicinal plants, 11 compounds from plant origin (Bupleurum rigidum and Scrophularia scorodonia), three saikosaponins, seven iridoids and one phenylpropanoid glycoside were tested in vitro against herpes simplex type I (HSV-1), vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) and poliovirus type 1. It is widely recognized for its nutri-. The emergence of resistance to anti-influenza drugs underlines the need to develop new drugs. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the in vitro anti-dengue activity from Thai medicinal plants. The antiviral activity of plant extracts against BVDV, HSV-1, PV-2 and VSV was assessed in vitro by the viral. Cytotoxic and Antiviral Activities of Colombian Medicinal Plant Extracts of the Euphorbia genus. Lucknow, International Book 600 pp. Exploration of the in vitro cytotoxic and antiviral activities of different medicinal plants against infectious bursal disease (IBD) virus Waqas Ahmad Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 54000, Lahore, Pakistan. Antidiabetic activity of selected medicinal plants and – ResearchGate of selected medicinal plants and its possible mechanism of action. A systematic attempt at developing herbal-derived drug(s) for the treatment of infections has to address the issue of toxicity to the hosts. 1021/jm070295s. This study aimed to explore the antioxidant potential and antiviral activity of endophytic fungi which were isolated from healthy living tissues of medicinal plants. The following paper encompasses the studies related to plants having in vitro antiviral activity against ND such as Momordica balamina, Adansonia digitata, Artemisia annua, Azadirachta indica, Psidium guajava, Moringa oleifera and plants having good in vivo antiviral activity such as Aloe secundiflora, Cucumis metuliferus and Anthocleista. Sanchez Palomino2 and L. Tan W, Jaganath I, Manikam I.